Below are a range of techniques that encourage independence in learning.
This technique encourages learners to find out information for themselves before they ask the teacher. Learners should consult 3 other sources before they ask the teacher for information. For example they could ask another learner, consult a textbook or look on the Internet before they ask the teacher.
Flipping the Classroom
The flipped classroom inverts tradional teaching models. The technique involves delivering instruction outside of the class and moving homework into the classroom. Learners watch instructional videos that have been created by the class teacher at home (either web based or DVD if students do not have Internet access). Then, the leaners engage in a range of activities based on the subject matter covered in the video with the teacher acting as a guide.
The Flipped Learning Network is a site full of useful resources: http://flippedclassroom.org
Lots of resources here: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1IOI5-tXZvOEVCFhoN5hlsccnRa-8_77nx3GDdB6C-tE/edit
Also worth a look is this eBook: Flip Your Classroom: Reach Every Student in Every Class Every Day
Kindle eBook (download the Kindle App for your iPad first!) – http://www.amazon.co.uk/Flip-Your-Classroom-Student-ebook/dp/B008CIW2GC/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&qid=1350850892&sr=8-2
The marketplace is a great technique for encouraging earners to take responsibility for their own learning. The class should be put into groups of around 4 and each group given a topic or question to research. They present their findings on a large sheet of paper. They are limited to writing 10 words on the sheet (so they don’t copy large passages of text and they have to be in a position where they need to know what they are talking about!). They can draw as many images as they like.
Once they have finished one student stays at each desk, manning their ‘stall’, and the others move around the other ‘stalls’ being taught by one of the other group members. The group members then return to their stall and teach the person who stayed behind about what they learned.